Some Important Causes of Vertigo

Vertigo is the illusion that the environment is moving. It came from the Latin word “Vertere” meaning to turn.  It is a symptom and not a disease by itself. Most people confuse vertigo with dizziness. Vertigo is actually a type of dizziness. There are four types of dizziness. These are: vertigo, presyncope, disequilibrium and light headedness. Among the type of dizziness, vertigo is the worst. It is sometimes referred as movement hallucination.

Vertigo is generally brought about by disorders in the inner ear or in the brain. Vertigo can be a sign that there is a serious problem especially if the condition is accompanied by severe headache, difficulty in speaking and walking or double vision. It is always best to consult medical professionals once vertigo is experienced to determine the real problem and addressed it early.

There are different causes of vertigo. These are as follows:

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This is caused by problems in the inner ear. This is the most common cause of vertigo. BPPV is not serious and is usually sudden and severe attack of vertigo.

Inner ear inflammation that can lead to deafness if not treated immediately

Labyrinthitis. This is the affectation of inner ear which may be due to inflammation, upper respiratory infection or nerve deterioration.

Central nervous system disorders that causes vertigo such as epilepsy, neck injuries, multiple sclerosis, certain forms of migrane, acoustic neuroma, cerebellar and brain tumors and transient ischemic attacks.

Meniers disease that causes tinnitus and hearing loss if not treated

Bacterial infections

Diagnosis of vertigo is done through physical assessment and some diagnostic tests such as hearing test, electronystagmography, CAT scan or posturograophy. In posturography, a special platform is used that is swaying. Here, the patient tries to maintain equilibrium. The machine records the response of the patient and compares it with the response of those people who do not have vertigo.

How to treat vertigo? Treatment of the vertigo depends on the cause of it. If the cause of vertigo is bacterial infection in the inner ear, then antibiotics are given. Serious causes of vertigo might require surgery.

Rehabilitation exercises can also be done to help reduce the impact of vertigo. One known rehab exercise is the vestibular rehabilitation exercises. Here, the patient lies down on a table. The patient is positioned laterally and the position is maintained until there is no vertigo felt. Then, the patient switches to the other side quickly. This process is done repeatedly until there vertigo is not felt anymore after a quick positional change.

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One Response to “Some Important Causes of Vertigo”

  1. jorge says:


    ñïàñèáî çà èíôó!…

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